History of Nigeria
dates back to the early 2000 BC. During the pre-historic age, Nigeria was populated mostly by the nomadic tribes who grazed their cattle and cultivated crops. From 800 BC the culture of the Noks came into existence. In the history of Nigeria,
the Noks were the most well-known ancient settlers within the country’s region. They started the trend of making bronze and terracotta sculptures. Gradually, Nigeria history started to take a tangible shape as the different regions of the country started to emerge into prominence, and population started expanding. During the early 11th century many ethnic groups migrated from other countries to the mainland of Nigeria. In the Benin and Oyo region of Nigeria, kingdoms started growing and Nigerian rulers started expanding their territories to other parts of the country. These rulers were an integral part of the Nigerian history for under them famous architectural and historical monuments were built.
HISTORY OF NIGERIAN COLONIZATION
From the time the Portuguese, Dutch and French colonists arrived within the country of Nigeria, it could no longer hold on to its independence. The Nigerian People were subordinated by the foreign colonizers and were transported to other countries as slaves. Slave trade along with the trade of other goods were carried out by the foreign colonists. During the 19th century battles for independence took place between the Nigerian nationalists and the British colonizers. The Britishers established their colonies in almost every part of Nigeria and after phases of gritty and committed fights and political upheavals, Nigeria was finally proclaimed independent on October 1st in the year 1960.
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